The Internet threat alert status is currently normal. At present, no major epidemics or other serious incidents have been recorded by Kaspersky Lab’s monitoring service. Internet threat level: 1

In information security, talk about botnets equals talk about malicious actions that materialize through criminal action. In essence, we think there is always a hostile attitude on the part of those who administer them. Please correct me colleagues, refute this if I'm wrong, but I think conceptually you agree with me.

BoteAR (developed in Argentina) adopts the concept of "social networks" although it seems, as yet, not fully materialized. It offers a conventional and manageable botnet via HTTP but uses the model of crimeware-as-a-service. Moreover, the author seems to adopt (maybe unknowingly) the business model of affiliate systems originating in Eastern Europe which are used to spread malware i.e. infect and get revenue for each node you infect.

So far nothing unusual, unfortunately we witness this kind of tactic every day. The striking thing about BoteAR though is that it tries to shield itself under a wrapper of security in an attempt to "fraternize" with its community.


=== Not really, especially in Latin America. Every day we register lots of similar attacks, each abusing local DNS settings. Actually these attacks are a bit different because they modify the local HOST file but the principle is the same – redirecting the victim to a malicious host via malicious DNS records.

Latin American cybercriminals are used to recycling old techniques used elsewhere in the past and what is happening right now is a growth of attacks abusing local DNS settings. The latest social engineering-based malware attack in Mexico – which imitated the Mexican tax office – is a recent example of this.


    Carolina Dieckmann, a famous Brazilian actress, recently became the victim of cyber attacks that allowed cybercriminals to steal personal property - nude pictures of her- from her computer. Many pictures or maybe all of them got leaked to the Internet. This incident has served as a good incentive for the Brazilian government to have new cybercrime laws in the country (the current law to fight cybercrime in Brazil was approved back in the 40’s of XX century). As a result of this incident, a new cybercrime law that carries a punishment of up to 2 years in prison for such crimes has finally been proposed for consideration. This is a good and right move! A press article in Portuguese can be

    How much do you earn per day? If we look at how much a cybercriminal from Brazil earns every day, we’ll understand why Brazil is one of the main sources of malware in the world.

Brazilian cybercriminals really like to use short URLs to track infections and have their own stats. Here is the profile of one criminal using Bitly as a URL shortening service.


    While looking over some potentially malicious links from Brazil, I came across an interesting group of files. They were of varying sizes but had similar structures.


Latin America has ceased to be a region that simply receives attacks from across the world.

Since late 2009 it has begun to copy fraudulent business models through which American cybercriminals have begun producing their own criminal resources.

Examples include Brazil, with the web application called TELA (to manage the information stolen from zombie computers); or S.A.P.Z. from Peru, used to propagate malicious code designed to steal bank details. But of course, these are not the only ones. Mexico has also joined this list, with different crimeware developments. Tequila and Mariachi crimeware programs started the trend in this region, back in 2009. But the newest is VOlk-Botnet. The following image shows the main page:


In the beginning there were only malware and machines to be infected, with no money in the middle - only a will to get “fame” by coding. A few years ago this situation changed drastically and today the cybercrime ecosystem is much more complicated, including as much as 7 key elements. This starts with the coders, who only develop the malware, then sell it to other criminals while offering service support. The criminals who buy it distribute it among other cybercriminals and money mules.

What’s the problem here? In general the AV industry still fights the same way as 15 or more years ago. We detect more amounts of advanced malware yet more appears every day. It’s like cutting a weed but leaving the root - it just grows up again and again...


The title of this post suggests that I’ve been thinking of one of the cyber-criminals that uses SpyEye, maybe in admiration! But actually his cyber-criminal actions overshadow anything else.

The truth is that, following my post highlighting the tactic of using as C&C one of the Cloud Computing services offered by Amazon, I found a sample of SpyEye that is somewhat interesting: among its goals is an attack DDoS directed against the Kaspersky Lab website.

The SpyEye configuration file, which is basically a compressed file and password protected (usually MD5), stores the resources involved in the planned attack. The surprise came when I looked at the configuration file of the plugin (ddos.dll.cfg). The following image shows the parameters set in this file:


Last week, we held our first Ibero-American virus analyst summit, to which we invited 34 journalists from 14 Latin American countries, as well as Spain and Portugal. Speakers and panelists included antivirus experts Fabio Assolini, Jorge Mieres, Vicente Diaz and Dmitry Bestuzhev.


After rumors about the supposed merger between SpyEye and ZeuS, and the public release of the source of the latter, it was logical that the range of possibilities opened up even more for new cybercriminals into the ecosystem of crimeware.

Consistent with this, it was only a matter of time for the emergence of new packages based on ZeuS crimeware, which is now realized. Ice IX Botnet is the first new generation of web applications developed to manage centralized botnets through the HTTP protocol based on leaked ZeuS source code.