When my colleague Fabio wrote about a Rogueware campaign targeting MAC users, I investigated a bit into the origin of these campaigns. It was interesting how different researchers were getting those samples through searching images on Google. However, different searches always arrive at the same result, leading to the question: How many search terms have been poisoned?
That was an interesting question. But the answer came reading another very interesting research from Unmask Parasites. I recommend you read the post, but in essence it explains how thousands of sites have been infected with a very effective schema that allows the criminals to poison image search results. Could it be that this schema was connected to the fakeAV for MAC?
Continuing our investigation on the Osama's death campaign, we were especially concerned about the potential distribution of malware on social networks, because of their speed of propagation. So we have been monitoring Twitter, getting some million tweets and a huge number of URLs too. No surprise here as during the last 24 hours the average was 4.000 tweets per second related to this topic. Here you can see how even Internet traffic was affected.
Analyzing these URLs, we found some interesting stuff.
The first one is a Facebook scam campaign posing as Osama's death video:
We have seen many examples in the past: the use of Twitter as a communication channel for a botnet, using Amazon EC2 for hosting C&Cs or abusing advertising channels for distributing malware. Today we will see, through a sample, how malware maximizes its revenues using this kind of services with a minimum impact on victims computer.
Our sample belongs to Trojan-Dropper.Win32.Drooptroop family, which has more than 7000 variants. The sample is detected by Kaspersky Internet Security as Trojan-Dropper.Win32.Drooptroop.jpa, and its peak of activity corresponds to 6th of December, mostly based in the US.
It is being distributed through an email message with a link to a Rapidshare file:
Taking advantage of the Christmas campaign, the name of the binary is gift.exe. As suspicious as it is, however, most filters fail in detecting this as malicious for two reasons: the binary is not in the body message and the domain of the URL is legitimate. We have detected more than 1000 infections were technique was used for distributing the sample.
This is not the only use of external infrastructure done by the sample. Once the computer is infected,Drooptroop.jpa injects code into spoolsv.exe and intercepts browsers network functions, resulting in hijacking users requests.
Doing this, Drooptroop performs click fraud redirecting legitimate requests:
GET /click.php?c=eNXXXXXSA HTTP/1.1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; es-ES; rv:18.104.22.168) Gecko/20100401 Firefox/3.6.3
This remuneration programs are abused on a regular basis by malware. Apart from that, this malware redirects the user to rogue AV sites:
At this point, you probably want to run Kaspersky Internet Security to clean your system.
Summing it up, the distribution was using a remote file sharing service, the malware used click fraud to monetize and the rogue AV was all happening in the browser. However this malware still needed to infect your computer, so dont forget to protect yourself.