Over the last few months we have seen a series of very similar targeted attacks being blocked in our Linux Mail Security Product. In each case the documents used were RTF and the exploit was CVE-2012-0158 (MSCOMCTL.OCX RCE Vulnerability).
The attacks seem to be from the same group and most appear to be sent from Australia or Republic of Korea. The sender IP addresses vary but many are sent via mail.mailftast.com. This domain is registered in China:
REGISTRANT CONTACT INFO liu runxin No.1,Nanjing Road Shanghai Shanghai 200001 CN Phone: +86.2164415698 Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
The documents are in three categories:
EAT FOR BETTER SEX.doc How to last longer in bed.doc 6 Awkward Sex Moments, Defused.doc 9 ways to have better,hotter,and more memorable sex.doc 10 Ways to Get More Sex.doc
Stealth Frigate.doc The BrahMos Missile.doc How DRDO failed India's military.doc
приоритеты сотрудничества.doc Список участников рабочей группы(0603-2013).doc Список кадров.doc Приглашение МИОМ ТЕЙКОВО 2013.doc
Most weeks we will see one topic from categories 1 and 2 and several using Cyrillic filenames. The exploit, shellcode and malware used tend to be the same. The only real different is the decoy documents displayed when the exploit runs.
Here are two examples from last week:
The metadata for the decoy documents is the same and it looks like it hasnít be updated for a while.
The title translates as ďThe financial result for the first 9 months of 2012Ē and the company name relates to a Russian submarine manufacturer.
When the exploit runs it creates and executes a file called wordupgrade.exe. This executable drops a DLL called usrsvpla.dll into the system32 directory and modifies the WmdmPmSN (Portable Media Serial Number Service) registry key to load the DLL into svchost.exe.
Both wordupgrade.exe and usrsvpla.dll contain the PDB path:
The malware installed by these documents is a variant of Enfal/Lurid. We are detecting wordupgrade.exe as Trojan-Dropper.Win32.Datcaen.d and usrsvpla.dll as Trojan.Win32.Zapchast.affv. Our colleagues from Trend have previously described this malware in their papers.
The samples seen last week contact a C&C server at yui.bcguard.com. This domain has the same registration details a mailftast.com above.
Below are the IP addresses of these domains:
yui.bcguard.com - 220.127.116.11 (China) mail.mailftast.com - 18.104.22.168 (US)
There are several other domains registered to ďliu runxinĒ:
timmf.com bcbtheory.com bellbuttons.com atmdzxgs.com coffeeibus.com cymdbd.com
The malware used in these attacks is not very advanced or new (Enfal variants have been seen as far back as 2006). However, the attacks are very regular, so it is probably safest not to open attachments related to these topics.
2013 Mar 31, 09:18
2013 Mar 31, 15:09
Hi ahmrashed, there are a lot of guides on the Internet in order to remove that threat (including tools), here is one of them: http://www.spyware-solutions.net/trojan/trojan-win32-starter-yy-removal-guide
Hope this helps and Good luck!